Camera Technique

Shot Types, Camera Movement, POV and Perspective


Here’s a downloadable PDF illustrating the types of shots that have been used, in various combinations, in traditional film and video. I encourage you to experiment with these shots – they are definitely the standard of media language – but also experiment with creating your own types of shots, ones that best suit your own style of filmmaking.

Downloadable PDF describing standard shot types:


Below are a couple of videos that might make it easier to imagine how framing and types of shots are used to construct a readable film/video.

15 Essential Camera Shots, Angles and Movements in Filmmaking

Basic Shot Types

Basic Shots for Filmmaking

Framing & The Rule of Thirds


from Five-Minute Film School/Film Riot

No Rules for Composition – take it from Mr. Robot

Spike Lee & The Dutch Angle

POV  = Point of View

The Blair Witch

Dolly Shots from Filmmaker Spike Lee

Spike Lee’s dolly shots collected, thanks to Richard Cruz on Vimeo

One-Point Perspective (beware the eye candy)

Stanley Kubrick’s one-point perspective (i.e. not the rule of thirds) thanks to kogonada on Vimeo


Jean-Luc Godard & Ferris Beuller – Breaking the Fourth Wall

Pierrot le fou (1965)

Ferris Beuller’s Day Off directed by John Hughes (1986)