Lighting, Light stands, Lighting safety
Using C-stands, gobos, & gels
- Fundamentals of Three-Point Lighting – download
- Lighting Crews, Equipment, and Basics of Electricity – download
C-stands are the industry standard for holding lights, gobos, cookies, flags, scrims, and diffusion filters. They are very heavy-duty, they weigh a lot more than a regular light stand, and they have a boom arm that anyone who is working with a gaffer or lighting grip should know how to use.
The following video, C-Stands: How to Set Up and Use has very good information from about 00:40 mins to 5:08 mins.
C-Stand Overview Tutorial
PRO TIP: How to Set Up a C-Stand
The charts below create a ready visual guide to how color temperature works.
For a fuller explanation, here’s information on digital color theory, color temperature, and using color correction gels – download
Filmmaking 101 – 3 Point Lighting Tutorial
Beyond 3-Point Lighting: Why it’s not always the best way to go
“5 Common Keylight Patterns.”
Cross-key lighting = your key light is my back light and my key light is your backlight
A neutral density (ND) filter is sunglasses for your lens. It is a filter that blocks very bright sunlight, helps prevent glare, and enables you to get a shot with a shallow depth of field in bright daylight. An ND filter can be built into the camcorder as one of it’s functions (usually there’s a dial or switch on the camera body), or can be placed in front of the lens, held in place with a matte box, for example. The videos below give you an overview of when and why to use ND filters. Rule of thumb: always use an ND filter when shooting out of doors, even on a cloudy, drizzly, foggy day.
Lighting Terminology – a glossary